A report by the Australian Bureau of Statistics highlights how the Australian society has changed over 200 years and it reveals that the face of modern-day Australia has been shaped by the country’s migrant population.
Here are the facts, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
• Since Federation in 1901, Australia’s population has increased over five fold, growing from a total population of nearly four million to reach 22.3 million in 2011. A growth rate contributed to increased life expectancy of the Australian population and the introduction of the country’s migrant population.
• Currently 85% of the Australian population live in urban areas where work, healthcare and infrastructure is some of the best in the world. In 1911 only 60% of the population chose to live in Australian cities.
• Migrant activity between 1911 and 1945 resulted in Sydney’s population growing by more than 800,000 people, to 1.5 million, becoming Australia’s most populated city. Between 2001 and 2011, Brisbane’s population increased by 27%. This means that Brisbane is the country’s fastest growing Australian capital in the 21st century.
• According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics report 27% of the Australian population were not born on Australian soil, but had migrated to the country. This, the report states, is the highest proportion since Federation was created.
• When Australia ended its White Australian policy in in 1973 Australia’s immigration policy were broadened to include other nationalities to its immigration stream. This meant that Australia was now welcoming migrants from all parts of the world. This move significantly developed Australia’s diversity to what it is today.
• Australia has been actively promoted to foreign nationals who could contribute to the county’s success. With this the implementation of the Australian Skilled Migrant Visa was effected. Australia identified that their own skill shortage would stunt the country’s growth and the Federal Government started looking abroad to fill skills gaps in the Australian market. This has attracted educated and skilled migrants to live and work in Australia where there skills and experience have been employed for the greater good of the country.
• Due to a strict and thorough application and visa process migrants who are selected to receive an Australian visa are often high calibre workers with specialized skill sets and experience benefiting the Australian job market. Migrants undergo language testing and deliver proof of a clear criminal record before being granted a visa, attesting to their quality of character.
• Migrants are committed to their employer and their community as they seek to extend temporary visas making the majority loyal, trustworthy and ambitious employees, there by positively contributing to the Australian economy.
“This publication is a great way to use statistics to tell stories of how Australia’s population has changed over time,” said Neil Scott, from the ABS.