The Inns and Outs of Australian Citizenship – Part 1
Australian citizen by birth
In order to be classed as an Aussie citizen by birth, you will have had to be born in Australia before the 20th of August 1986. If one of your parents was a consular officer of any other country or if they were entitled to diplomatic privileges, you may also be classed as a citizen by birth.
Any child who was born after the above mentioned date will only be classes as an Australian citizen if one of their parents was a permanent resident or an Australian citizen at the time that they were born.
Any child who is born in Australia and whose parents are not Aussie citizens or do not have PR in the country will automatically be awarded citizenship when they turn 10 years old, if they have lived in Australia for the most part of their lives.
Long term Residents
A lot of people who have been living in Australia for a long time are under the impression that they are citizens, mainly because of the fact that they have been allowed to vote or because they served in the Australian armed services. Up until 1984, people who were born in the UK were allowed to enrol to vote, even if they were not citizens.
The date that you arrived in Australia determines whether or not you are a citizen. On the 26th of January 1949, the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 came into effect. At the time, British subjects who were living in Australia became citizens of Australia provided that they had lived there for at least five years.
British subjects who were residents in Australia between 26 Jan 1944 and 26 Jan 1949 were automatically awarded Australian citizenship when the act came into effect.
Since the act has been amended a number of times since then, the amendments and transitional arrangements of the original Act have meant that some people might have automatically lost or acquired Australian citizenship over the years.
Should you be looking to obtain citizenship information that is older than 30 years, you will need to take a look at the National Archives of Australia.
Proof of citizenship
You are able to apply to find out if there is evidence of your citizenship. Details on how to go about doing so will be included in part 2 of this article. Please check back tomorrow for the details of the process that needs to be followed.